Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Important G.K. Facts

  • The incident took place on 13 April 1919 at 1730 hrs (05.30 p.m.)
  • The crowd had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest the arrest of pro-independence leaders Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal.
  • Brigadier REH Dyer surrounded the protestors with soldiers of Gorkha Rifles.
  • Rabindranath Tagore, the first Indian to be honoured with a Nobel Prize, renounced his knighthood in protest.
  • Michael O'Dwyer was the Lt Governor of Punjab.
  • A commission of inquiry headed by Lord William Hunter was appointed to look into the circumstances leading to the incident.
  • Michael O'Dwyer was assassinated by Udham Singh on 13 March 1940.
  • A memorial, designed by American architect Benjamin Polk, was built on the site and inaugurated by President of India Rajendra Prasad on 13 April 1961, in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru.