Important Freedom Fighters of India - I

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Dadabhai Naoroji

  1. Well-known as the Grand Old Man of India.
  2. He was the first Asian to be elected to the British House of Commons in 1892.
  3. Author of book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India.
  4. He prepared the first estimates of National income in 1876.
  5. He was also the first Indian to be appointed as a Professor at the Elphinstone College, Bombay.
  6. He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress thrice in 1886, 1893 and 1906.
  7. He started the newspaper Voice of India in 1883.
  8. He was also the founder of Gyan Prasarak Mandali, an organistaion dedicated to spreading education among the adult.

C Rajagopalachari

  1. Also known as Rajaji and CR, he was a laywer and a freedom fighter.
  2. Rajagopalachari was the first and last Indian Governor-General of India.
  3. In 1930 he led the salt march to Vedaranyam in Madras State.
  4. He was one of first recipients of the Bharat Ratna in 1954 alongwith Dr. S Radhakrishnan and C.V. Raman.
  5. He was the Home Minister from 1951 to 1952, Chief Minister of Madras from 1952 to 1954.
  6. Rajaji founded the Swatantra Party in 1959 after breaking away from the Congress.
  7. Rajaji was one of the favourites of Gandhi who described him as the "keeper of my conscience".

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

  1. He is widely known as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi.
  2. He was the founder of Servants of India Society, in 1905, an organisation which worked for promoting education, sanitation, health care and fighting the social evils of untouchability and discrimination, alcoholism, poverty etc.
  3. He started his career as an Assistant Master in a school in Pune.
  4. He was the leader of Soft Faction of the Congress party (Naram Dal), while Tilak led the Garam Dal (Hot Faction) of the party, when it split in 1907.
  5. He also founded the leading daily from Nagpur, The Hitavada in 1911.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

  1. Also known as Lokmanya Tilak, he was a scholar of Indian History, astronomy and Sanskrit.
  2. He is well-known for his quote Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it.
  3. He was considered by the British to be the Father of Indian Unrest.
  4. Tilak along with Vishnushastry founded the Deccan Education Society to impart teachings about India culture to India's youth.
  5. Tilak was also the founder of two weeklies, ‘Kesari’ (in Marathi) and ‘Maratha’ (in English) to highlight plight of Indians.
  6. He also started the celebrations of Ganapati Festival and Shivaji Jayanti to bring people close together and join the nationalist movement against British.
  7. He was one of the chief architects of the Swadeshi Movement alongwith Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, launched with the partition of Bengal. The three were fondly called Lal-Bal-Pal.
  8. With the goal of Swaraj, he also built ‘Home Rule League’.
  9. He was the author of the book Gita Rahasya and The Arctic Home in the Vedas.
  10. He breathed his last on August 1, 1920, the day on which Non-cooperation Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi.

Select the right answer

1. Who was regarded as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi?

2. Gandhiji described him as Keeper of my conscience?

3. Considered by the British as the Father of Indian Unrest

4. Elected as the President of Indian National Congress three times

5. Society founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale

6. Political party formed by C. Rajagopalachari

7. Newspaper founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale