Important Freedom Fighters of India

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Dadabhai Naoroji

He was the earliest freedom fighters of India who was elected as the President of Indian National Congress in its second year of formation. Here are some important points to be remembered about him.

  1. Well-known as the Grand Old Man of India.
  2. He was the first Asian to be elected to the British House of Commons in 1892.
  3. Author of book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India.
  4. He prepared the first estimates of National income in 1876.
  5. He was also the first Indian to be appointed as a Professor at the Elphinstone College, Bombay.
  6. He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress thrice in 1886, 1893 and 1906.
  7. He started the newspaper Voice of India in 1883.
  8. He was also the founder of Gyan Prasarak Mandali, an organistaion dedicated to spreading education among the adult.

C. Rajagopalachari

Here are some of the points to be remembered about freedom fighter Chakravarti Rajagopalachari who was described as the keeper of his conscience by Mahatma Gandhi.

  1. Also known as Rajaji and CR, he was a laywer and a freedom fighter.
  2. Rajagopalachari was the first and last Indian Governor-General of India.
  3. In 1930 he led the salt march to Vedaranyam in Madras State.
  4. He was one of first recipients of the Bharat Ratna in 1954 alongwith Dr. S Radhakrishnan and C.V. Raman.
  5. He was the Home Minister from 1951 to 1952, Chief Minister of Madras from 1952 to 1954.
  6. Rajaji founded the Swatantra Party in 1959 after breaking away from the Congress.
  7. Rajaji was one of the favourites of Gandhi who described him as the "keeper of my conscience".

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Born in 1856, freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak is famous for his slogan, "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it. Note the following points in respect of him.

  1. Also known as Lokmanya Tilak, he was a scholar of Indian History, astronomy and Sanskrit.
  2. He is well-known for his quote Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it.
  3. He was considered by the British to be the Father of Indian Unrest.
  4. Tilak along with Vishnushastry founded the Deccan Education Society to impart teachings about India culture to India's youth.
  5. Tilak was also the founder of two weeklies, ‘Kesari’ (in Marathi) and ‘Maratha’ (in English) to highlight plight of Indians.
  6. He also started the celebrations of Ganapati Festival and Shivaji Jayanti to bring people close together and join the nationalist movement against British.
  7. He was one of the chief architects of the Swadeshi Movement alongwith Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, launched with the partition of Bengal. The three were fondly called Lal-Bal-Pal.
  8. With the goal of Swaraj, he also built ‘Home Rule League’.
  9. He was the author of the book Gita Rahasya and The Arctic Home in the Vedas.
  10. He breathed his last on August 1, 1920, the day on which Non-cooperation Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Know some important facts about freedom fighter and social reformer Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

  1. He is widely known as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi.
  2. He was the founder of Servants of India Society, in 1905, an organisation which worked for promoting education, sanitation, health care and fighting the social evils of untouchability and discrimination, alcoholism, poverty etc.
  3. He started his career as an Assistant Master in a school in Pune.
  4. He was the leader of Soft Faction of the Congress party (Naram Dal), while Tilak led the Garam Dal (Hot Faction) of the party, when it split in 1907.
  5. He also founded the leading daily from Nagpur, The Hitavada in 1911.

Select the right answer

1. Which freedom figher was regarded as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi?

2. Which freedom fighter was described by Gandhiji as the Keeper of my conscience?

3. Which freedom fighter was considered by the British as the Father of Indian Unrest?

4. Who was the freedom fighter to be elected as the President of Indian National Congress three times

5. Which society was founded by freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale?

6. Which political party was formed by freedom fighter C. Rajagopalachari in 1959?

7. What was the name of the newspaper founded by freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale?

Lala Lajpat Rai

Know some important facts about one of the most prominent freedom fighters of India, Lala Lajpat Rai, the Lion of Punjab.

  1. Popularly known as Punjab Kesari or Lion of Punjab, he was a lawyer and a freedom fighter.
  2. At the Bombay session of INC in 1889, he was linked with other two leading freedom fighters Bipin Chandra Pal and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The trio was popularly known as Lal-Bal-Pal.
  3. He was one of the pioneers of the Swadeshi Movement alongwith Bipin Chandra Pal and Lokmanya Tilak.
  4. He went to USA for promoting the cause of India’s freedom struggle, where he founded the India Home League Society of America, which published a monthly journal titled Young India.
  5. In 1920 he formed the Congress Independence Party in protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and Non Cooperation Movement.
  6. His efforts saw the formation of Punjab National Bank in 1895.
  7. He was the first President of the All India Trade Union Congress formed in 1920.
  8. He founded the Servants of People Society which worked for the freedom movement as well as for social reform movement in the country.
  9. His famous words Every blow aimed at me is a nail in the coffin of British imperialism were spoken when he received lathis blows during the protest against the visit of Simon Commission.
  10. Lala Lajpat Rai died in 1928 as a result of lathi blows.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Given below are some important points about India's first Education Minister and freedom fighter Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

  1. He was a renowned scholar well versed in Arabic, English, Urdu, Hindi, Persian and Bengali.
  2. He adopted the pen name 'Azad' as a mark of his mental emancipation from a narrow view of religion and life.
  3. Started a weekly journal Al Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims.
  4. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 1992.
  5. He was elected as Congress President in 1923, becoming the youngest person to hold the office. He was again elected the president in 1940.
  6. He became independent India's first education minister.
  7. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca.
  8. Azad met two leading revolutionaries of Bengal, Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Shundar Chakravarty, and joined the revolutionary movement against British rule.
  9. He helped setup secret revolutionary centers all over north India and Bombay.
  10. He was one of the main organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, which was a non-violent raid on Dharasana Salt Works.
  11. He was a member of the Foundation Committee of the Jamia Milia Islamia which met in 1920.
  12. He is the author of the book India Wins Freedom.

Motilal Nehru

Freedom fighter and a prominent lawyer Motilal Nehru was born in 1861. Here are some points to remember about him.

  1. Father of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was one of the best lawyers of the country.
  2. He was elected to the Presidentship of Congress President twice.
  3. He formed the Swaraj Party alongwith Chittaranjan Das.
  4. In 1923, Nehru was elected to the new Central Legislative Assembly of British India in New Delhi and became leader of the Opposition.
  5. He was chairman of the All Parties Conference which put up the Nehru Report, a draft constitution which recommended full dominion status for India.
  6. He launched the daily paper Independent in 1919.

Madan Mohan Malaviya

  1. Often addressed as Mahamana, he was an educationist, lawyer and freedom fighter.
  2. He founded the Banaras Hindu University in 1916.
  3. He represented India at the First Round Table Conference.
  4. He founded the newspaper The Leader published from Allahabad.
  5. He also edited the weekly Hindustan and the daily The Indian Union at different times.
  6. He was elected the President of Indian National Congress on four ocassions - 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933.
  7. He was posthumously conferred India's highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 2014.

Select the right answer

1. Which freedom fighter became India's first Education Minister?

2. Motilal Nehru formed the Swaraj Party along with -

3. What was the name of society formed by freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai?

4. Who of the following freedom fighters was associated with Dharasana Satyagraha?

5. Who of the following freedom fighters attended the First Round Table Conference?

6. Freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai received injuries during protest against -