Distribution of Soils in India

Soils and Regions in India
Alluvial Soil
Indo-gangetic plains, deltas of eastern coast and in the river valleys. Also plains of Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan.
Black Soil
Deccan Plateau i.e. parts of Maharashtra, M.P., Gujarat, A.P. and some parts of Tamil Nadu.
Red and Yellow Soil
Areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern part of the Deccan Plateau, slopes of Western Ghats, parts of Odisha, Chattisgarh and in the southern parts of the middle Ganga plain.
Laterite Soil
Areas with high temperature and high rainfall in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and the hilly areas of Odisha and Assam.
Arid Soil
Western Rajasthan
Saline Soil
Western Gujarat (Rann of Kutch, deltas of the eastern coast and in Sunderban areas of West Bengal.
Peaty Soil
Northern part of Bihar, southern part of Uttaranchal and the coastal areas of West Bengal, Orissa and Tamil Nadu.