Inventors in the field of Aviation

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Invention Year Inventor
Aeroplane 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright
Airship (non-rigid) 1852 Henri Giffard
Airship (rigid) 1900 G.F. vonZeppelin
Hot air balloon 1783 Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier
Gliders 1853 Sir George Cayley
Helicopter 1924 Etienne Oehmichen
Hovercraft 1955 Christopher Cockerrell
Jet Engine 1937 Sir Frank Whittle
Parachute 1797 AJ Garnerin
Rocket 1926 Robert Goddard

First Hot Air Balloon Flight

The hot air balloon was developed by Montgolfier brothers and the first unmanned flight was made on September 19, 1783 in France. The first passengers were a sheep, a duck and a rooster and the flight lasted 8 minutes.

First Powered Flight

The first flight by Wright brothers was made on on December 17, 1903. The place was Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (USA). Orville Wright flew first making a 12-second flight and traveling 120 ft. They made 3 flights and the best was by Wilbur Wright which covered 255.6 m (852 ft) in 59 seconds.

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