Important Days of the Year

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Why International Days are Observed

A Short Essay

As per the United Nations Organisation, international days are occasions to educate the general public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems, and to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.

International Days and Weeks play a vital role in our global society, serving as platforms to raise awareness, foster solidarity, and promote action on crucial issues. These dedicated observances enable us to focus our attention on specific topics, mobilizing individuals, organizations, and governments worldwide. By designating particular days or weeks, we create opportunities to educate, advocate, and celebrate milestones in various areas.

Several international organisations designate international days and weeks. The United Nations is one such organisation which designates most number of days and also for varied purposes. World Health Organisation designates days related to health issues. Food and Agricultural Organisation, International Labour Organisation and other organisations formed for specific purposes also designate days to focus on international contemporary issues.




Important International Days

DateDayRemarks
Jan 27International Holocaust DayThe largest Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, was liberated by Soviet troops on Jan 27, 1945.
Feb 14St. Valentine's Day-
Mar 8International Women's Day-
Mar 15World Consumer DayPresident John F Kennedy formally addressed the issue of consumer rights on this day in 1963.
Mar 22World Water Day-
Apr 7World Health DayWHO was formed on this day in 1948, but the first World Health Day was observed in 1950.
Apr 12International Day of Human Space FlightYuri Gagarin, the Soviet Cosmonaut made the first space flight on this day in 1961.
Apr 18International Day for Monuments and Sites (World Heritage Day)-
Apr 22International Mother Earth Day-
May 1International Worker's Day-
May 8International Red Cross DayJH Dunant, the man behind Red Cross was born on this day in 1828.
Jun 5World Environment DayThe United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was conducted from June 5 to 16 June 1972 in Stockholm.
Jun 21International Yoga Day-
Jul 11World Population DayInspired by 5 Billion Day in 1987
Jul 12Malala DayBirthday of Malala Yousafzai
Jul 20International Moon DayLanding of Apollo 11 on moon in 1969.
Jul 20World Chess DayEstablishment of the International Chess Federation (FIDE) in Paris in 1924.
Aug 6Hiroshima DayBombing of Hiroshima on 6 Aug, 1945
Aug 19World Humanitarian DayCommemorates the day when 22 aid workers were killed in a bombing at the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003
Sep 8International Literacy Day-
Sep 27World Tourism DayStatutes of United Nations World Tourism Organisation adopted on this day in 1980.
Oct 2International Non-violence DayBirthday of Mahatma Gandhi (1869)
Oct 16World Food DayFood and Agricultural Organisation was founded on this day in 1945.
Oct 24United Nations DayCharter of the United Nations came into force on this day in 1945.
Dec 1World AIDS Day-
Dec 10Human Rights' DayUniversal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed and adopted on this day in 1948.
Dec 18Minorities Rights Day United Nations adopted and promulgated the Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities on this day in 1992.

Important National Days (India)

DateDayRemarks
Jan 12National Youth DaySwami Vivekananda was born on this day in 1863.
Jan 15Army DayField Marshall K.M. Cariappa took over the command of Army on this day in 1949 from the British.
Jan 25National Voters' DayThe Election Commission of India was formed on this day in 1950. The first National Voters' Day was observed in 2011
Jan 30Martyr's DayMartyrdom day of Mahatma Gandhi (1948)
Feb 28National Science DayMarks the discovery of Raman Effect in 1928 by C.V. Raman
May 11National Technology DayNuclear tests at Pokhran carried out in 1998 on this day.
May 21Anti-terrorism DayFormer PM Shri Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated on this day in 1991.
Jul 1National Doctors Day (India)Second CM of West Bengal, renowned Physician Dr. Bidhan Chandra Ray was born on this day in 1882.
Aug 7National Handloom DayLaunching of Swadeshi Movement on 7 Aug, 1905
Aug 9August Kranti DiwasLaunch of Quit India Movement in 1942
Aug 20Sadbhawna DiwasFormer Prime Minister Shri Rajiv Gandhi was born on this day in 1944.
Aug 23National Space DayChandrayaan 3 landed on the moon in 2023 on this day.
Aug 29National Sports DayHockey wizard Shri Dhyanchand was born on this day in 1905.
Sep 5Teacher's DayDr. S. Radhakrishanan, the first Vice-president of India was born on this day in 1888.
Sep 14Hindi DiwasHindi accorded the Official language status by the Constituent Assembly on this day in 1949.
Sep 15Engineers' DaySri M Visvesvaraya was born on this day in 1861.
Oct 8Indian Air Force DayIAF was officially established on this day in 1932.
Oct 31Rashtriya Ekta DiwasIndia's first Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on this day in 1875.
Nov 11National Education DayIndependent India's first Education Minister and freedom fighter Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on this day in 1888.
Nov 14Children's DayIndependent India's first Prime Minister and freedom fighter Shri Jawaharlal Nehru was born on this day in 1889.
Nov 19National Integration DayFormer Indian Prime Minister Smt Indira Gandhi was born on this day in 1917.
Nov 26Constitution Day (India)Constitution of India was adopted on this day in 1949.
Nov 26National Milk Day (India)Shri Verghese Kurien, Father of White Revolution in India was born on this day in 1921.
Dec 4Navy DayCommemorates the courageous attack on the Karachi harbour during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971 in Operation Trident.
Dec 7Armed Forces Flag DaySince 1949, 7th December is observed as the Armed Forces Flag Day to honour the martyrs and the men in uniform who valiantly fought & continue to fight on our borders to safeguard the country's honour.-
Dec 16Vijay DiwasMarks India's victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pak war in 1971.
Dec 24National Consumers' DayConsumer Protection Act received the President's assent on this day in 1986.
Dec 25Good Governance DayFormer Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on this day in 1924.

Important National Days of USA

DateDayRemarks
Monday Observances
Third Monday of JanuaryBirthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.Martin Luther King was born on January 15, but it was decided to observe it on the third Monday to allow people an extended weekend and time to participate in various activities in his memory.
Third Monday of FebruaryPresident's DayGeorge Washington was born on 22 February 1732. It is observed on the third Monday to allow people an extended weekend and time to participate in various activities in his memory.
Last Monday of MayMemorial DayTo honour those who have died while serving in the military.
First Monday of SeptemberLabor DayThe first Labor Day parade was held in New York City on September 5, 1882. It is dedicated to honoring and celebrating the contributions and achievements of American workers and the labor movement.
Second Monday of OctoberColumbus DayTo commemorate Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492.
Fourth Thursday of NovemberThanksgiving DayTo express gratitude for the bountiful harvest and blessings of the past year.
Fixed Date Observances
January 20Inauguration DayIt is observed once in every 4 years following a presidential election. It is the day on which the new President of USA takes the ceremonial oath.
June 19Juneteenth National Independence DayIt commemorates the announcement of the emancipation of enslaved African Americans in Texas in 1865.
July 4Independence DayIt commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, which declared the thirteen American colonies' independence from British rule.
November 11Veterans DayOn Veterans Day, the country celebrates everyone who has served in the military.

Important UN Language Days of the Year

DateDay
21 FebruaryInternational Mother Language Day
20 MarchFrench Language Day
20 AprilChinese Language Day
23 AprilEnglish Language Day
23 AprilSpanish Language Day
06 JuneRussian Language Day
18 DecemberArabic Language Day

 

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Important Days Designated by United Nations General Assembly

DayDateFirst Observed
World Braille Day04 January2019
International Day of Education24 January2019
International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust27 January2006
World Day of Social Justice20 February 2008
International Mother Language Day21 February2008
World Wildlife Day03 March2014
International Day to Combat Islamophobia15 March2022
International Day of Happiness20 March2013
International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination21 March1966
International Day of Forests21 March2013
World Down Syndrome Day21 March2012
World Water Day22 March1993
International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims24 March2011
International Day of Remembrance of Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade25 March2008
World Autism Awareness Day02 April2008
International Mine Awareness Day04 April2006
International Day of Sport for Development and Peace06 April2014
International Day of Human Space Flight12 April2011
International Mother Earth Day22 April2010

World Press Freedom Day03 May1994
International Day of VesakFull Moon day of May every year2000
International Day of Families15 May1994
World Telecommunication and Information Society Day17 May2007
World Bee Day20 May2018
World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development21 May2003
International Day for Biological Diversity22 May2001
International Day for UN Peacekeepers29 May2003
Global Day of Parents01 June2012
International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression04 June1983
World Environment Day05 June1974
World Food Safety Day07 June2019
World Ocean Day08 June2009
World Elder Abuse Awareness Day15 June2012
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought17 June1995
International Day for Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict19 June2015
World Refugee Day20 June2001
International Day of Yoga21 June2015
International Widows Day23 June2011
International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking26 June1988
International Day of Co-operatives02 July1993
Nelson Mandela International Day18 July2010
International Moon Day20 July2022
World Chess Day20 July2020
World Drowning Prevention Day25 July2021
World Day against Trafficking in Persons30 July2014
International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples09 August1995
International Youth Day12 August2000
World Humanitarian Day19 August2009
International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism21 August2018
International Day against Nuclear Tests29 August2010
International Day of Victims of Enforced Disappearances30 August2011
International Day of Charity05 September2013
International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies07 September2020
International Day of Democracy15 September2008
International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer16 September1995
International Day of Peace21 September1982
International Day of Sign Languages23 September2020
International Day for Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons26 September2014
International Day of Older Persons01 October1991

International Day of Non-Violence02 October2007

World Habitat Day1st Monday of October1986
International Day of the Girl Child11 October2012
International Day of Disaster Risk Reduction13 October1989
International Day of Rural Women15 October2008
International Day for Eradication of Poverty17 October1993
World Development Information Day24 October1972
World Cities Day31 October2014
International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists02 November2015
World Tsunami Awareness Day05 November2016
International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict06 November2001
International Day for Tolerance16 November1995
World Children's Day20 November1954
World Television Day21 November1997
International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women25 November2000
International Day of Persons with Disabilities03 December1992
International Volunteer Day05 December1986
International Anti Corruption Day09 December2003
United Nations Human Rights Day10 December1948
International Mountains Day11 December2003
International Universal Health Coverage Day12 December2017
International Migrants Day18 December2000
International Human Solidarity Day20 December2006
International Day of Epidemic Preparedness27 December2021

Important Days Designated by UNESCO

DayDateFirst Observed
World Poetry Day21 March2000
International Day for Monuments and Sites (World Heritage Day)18 April 1983
World Radio Day13 February2013
International Literacy Day08 September1996
International Day for Universal Access to Information28 September2016
World Teachers' Day05 October1994
World Science Day for Peace and Development10 November 20222001
World Philosophy Day3rd Thursday of Nov2002

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Select the right answer

1. When is the World Health Day observed?


2. When is the World Population Day observed?


3. Which day is observed on December 01?


4. On what date is the International Women's Day observed?


5. On what date is the World Environment Day observed?


6. When is the International Non-violence Day observed?


7. When is the Interntional Moon Day observed?


8. When is the United Nations Day observed?


9. Which day is observed on March 15?


10. International Yoga Day is observed on which date?





Days and Years Section

Important Days of the YearImportant Health Related Days of the YearImportant Animal Related Days of the YearImportant Years in Indian HistoryImportant Years in World History

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