CDS 2012 (1) ( held on 12.02.2012 )


1. Over 90% of the world’s biomass is in

  1. Tropical rain forest
  2. Freshwater wetlands
  3. Topsoils
  4. Oceans

2. Which one among the following is a source of methane emission into the atmosphere?

  1. Automobile exhaust fume
  2. Industrial chimney
  3. Mining
  4. Wetland

Both (c) and (d) are right answers. Methane formed as part of geological process of coal formation is trapped underneath and released into the atmosphere at the time of mining. Methane produced by microbes in wet soils enters roots of the plants and escapes to the atmosphere through their shoots.

3. Which one among the following statement is not correct?

  1. Trophic dynamics represents the transfer of energy from one trophic level to another in a food chain
  2. In deeper parts of oceans, primary production remain almost nil
  3. The primary consumers are called autotrophs
  4. The decomposers are called saprotrophs

Primary consumers are herbivores while carnivores are secondary consumers. Primary producers are autotrophs.

4. Carbon dioxide is called a greenhouse gas because

  1. Its concentration remains always higher than other gases
  2. It is used in photosynthesis
  3. It absorbs infrared radiation
  4. It emits visible radiation

5. The fossil of Archaeopteryx represents the evidence of origin of

  1. Birds from reptiles
  2. Mammals from reptiles
  3. Reptiles from amphibians
  4. Mammals from birds

6. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. NIFTY is based upon 50 firms in India
  2. NIFTY is governed and regulated by the Reserve Bank of India
  3. NIFTY does not trade in mutual fund

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code :

  1. 1 only
  2. 2
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 3

7. When the productive capacity of the economic system of a State is inadequate to create sufficient number of jobs, it is called

  1. Seasonal unemployment
  2. Structural unemployment
  3. Disguised unemployment
  4. Cyclical unemployment

8. Which one of the following is not a Millennium Development Goal of the United Nations?

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty
  2. Reduce birthrate and death rate
  3. Improve maternal health
  4. Promote gender equality

9. Fiscal policy in India is formulated by

  1. The Reserve Bank of India
  2. The Planning Commission
  3. The Finance Ministry
  4. The Securities and Exchange board of India

10. Which one among the following is not a clause of World Trade Organization?

  1. Most favoured nation treatment
  2. Lowering trade barriers with negotiations
  3. Providing financial support to the countries having deficit balance of payments
  4. Discouraging unfair trade practices such as anti-dumping and export subsides

11. Special Drawings Rights (SDRs) relate to

  1. The World Bank
  2. The Reserve Bank of India
  3. The World Trade Organization
  4. The International Monetary Fund

12. Which one among the following is not a landlocked country in Africa?

  1. Botswana
  2. Zambia
  3. Lesotho
  4. Nigeria

13. The imaginary line on the Earth’s surface that closely follows the 180o meridian is

  1. Prime meridian
  2. Equator
  3. International date line
  4. Tropic of cancer

14. The country that shares longest border with India is

  1. China
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Nepal
  4. Pakistan

15. The distance between two consecutive longitudes (91o E and 92o E) at the Poles is

  1. 0 km
  2. 18 km
  3. 25 km
  4. 111 km

16. Lack of atmosphere around the moon is due to

  1. Low escape velocity of air molecule and low gravitational attraction
  2. High escape velocity of air molecules and low gravitational attraction
  3. Low gravitational attraction only
  4. High escape velocity of air molecule only

17. Which one among the following correctly defines a unit magnetic pole in SI units?

  1. 1 foot from an equal and a similar pole repels it with a force of 1 pound
  2. 1 meter from an equal and a similar pole repels it with a force of 1 Newton
  3. 1 cm from an equal and a similar pole repels it with a force of 1 dyne
  4. 1 meter from an equal and a similar pole repels it with a force of 1 Newton/m2

18. After rising a short distance , the smooth column of smoke from a cigarette break ups into an irregular and random pattern. In a similar fashion , a stream of fluid flowing past an obstacles break ups into eddies and vortices which give the flow irregular velocity components transverse to the flow direction. Other examples include the waves left in water by moving ships, the sound produced by whistling and by wind instruments . These examples are the results of

  1. Laminar flow of air
  2. Streamline flow of air
  3. Turbulent flow of air
  4. Viscous flow at low speed

19. Two identical piano wires have same fundamental frequency when kept under the same tension. What will happen if tension of one of the wires is slightly increased and both the wires are made to vibrate simultaneously?

  1. Noise
  2. Beats
  3. Resonance
  4. Non linear effects

20. What is the major role of a greenhouse gas that contributes to temperature rise of the earth’s surface?

  1. Transparent to both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared radiation
  2. Stops both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared radiation
  3. Lets outgoing infrared radiation pass through but stops incoming sunlight
  4. Lets incoming sunlight pass through but stops outgoing infrared radiation

21. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. If a country is experiencing increase in its per capita GDP, its GDP must necessarily be growing.
  2. If a country is experiencing negative inflation, its GDP must be decreasing.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

22. Which of the following measures should be taken when an economy is going through inflationary pressures?

  1. The direct taxes should increased.
  2. The interest rate should be reduced.
  3. The public spending should be increased.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 2

Reducing the interest rate as well as increasing public spending would bring more money into the economy thus increasing inflation. Increasing taxes reduces the money available with the population for spending. Increasing interest rates incentivises the people to save more and spend less thus decreasing inflationary pressures.

23. The basis of European union began with the signing of

  1. Maastricht treaty
  2. Treaty of Paris
  3. Treaty of Rome
  4. Treaty of Lisbon

24. National income ignores

  1. Sales of a firm
  2. Salary of employees
  3. Exports of the IT sector
  4. Sale of land

25. What are G. arboretum, G. herbaceum, G. hirsutum and G. barbadense, whose all the four species are cultivated in India? (G= Gossypium)

  1. Species of wool
  2. Species of cotton
  3. Species of silk
  4. Species of jute

26. The soil formed by wind dust in and around hot deserts is called

  1. Silty soil
  2. Loamy soil
  3. Sandy soil
  4. Loess soil

27. Logically , what does a continually rising air pressure indicate?

  1. Advent of unsettled and cloudy weather
  2. Advent of a cyclone
  3. Fine and settled weather
  4. Fine and unsettled weather

28. The TEAM-9 initiative is a techno economic cooperation venture between India and eight countries of

  1. West Africa
  2. East Africa
  3. North Africa
  4. Central Africa

The 8 West African countries are Burkina Faso, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali and Senegal.

29. Which one among the following is the type of the Comoros islands which lie in the Indian ocean between northern Madagascar and the African coast?

  1. Volcanic
  2. Glacial eroded
  3. Eolian deposited
  4. Folded

30. Which among the following conditions are necessary for the issue of writ of quo warranto?

  1. The office must be public and must be created by a statute or by the constitution itself.
  2. The office must be a substantive one and not merely the function or employment of a servant at will and during the pleasure of another.
  3. There has been a contravention of the constitution or a statute or statutory instrument, in appointing such person to that office.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3