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Latest Current Affairs of December 2018

The place in Jammu and Kashmir where the foundation stone of Institute of High Altitude Medicinal Plants (IHAMP) was laid by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH Shri Shripad Yesso Naik and Union Minister of State in Prime Minister's Office (PMO) Dr. Jitendra SinghBhaderwah (Doda dist)
The English novelist who has been chosen for the 2018 Jnanpith Award, becoming the first writer in English language to be given this awardAmitav Ghosh
The new President of Film and Television Institute of India, Pune appointed to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Anupam KherBrijendra Pal Singh
The twitter account launched by Union Ministry of Home Affairs to spread awareness about cybercrimes is named@CyberDost
The Indian female boxer who has been chosen to be awarded the Meethoileima (Outstanding Queen) by the Manipur govtMary Kom
The Saudi Arabian dissident, author, columnist for the Washington Post, assassinated on 02 Oct 2018 who has been chosen to be the Time magazines Person of the YearJamal Khashoggi
The new Governor of Reserve Bank of India who has been appointed following the resignation of Dr. Urjit PatelShaktikanta Das
The place at which India's first flyaway Deep Sea Submarine Rescue System (manufactured by M/s James Fisher and Sons) was inducted by Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chief of the Naval StaffMumbai
The venue of the first International Conference on Sustainable Water Management being organised by Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) during 10-11 December, 2018 with the theme ‘Sustainable Water Management’Mohali
The contestant from Mexico who has been crowned Miss World 2018 at a beauty pageant in Sanya, ChinaVanessa Ponce
The spacecraft launched by China aboard Long March 3B rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Center on 07 Dec to land for the first time on the far side of the moon is namedChang'e 4
The joint Air Force exercise between the Indian Air Force and the Russian Air Force to be conducted at Jodhpur air force base from 10 to 21 DecAVIAINDRA 2018
The new Chief Economic Advisor to the Government of India (the position was vacant since June 2018)Dr. Krishnamurthy Subramaniam
The bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Russian Federation Navy to be conducted at/off Visakhapatnam from 09 to 16 Dec 18Indra Navy 2018
The Croatian footballer (club Real Madrid) who has been chosen for the annual football award Ballon d'Or 2018Luca Modric
The Indian cricketer who has announced retirement from all forms of cricketGautam Gambhir
The book authored by Vice Admiral Anup Singh released by Admiral Sunil Lamba chronicling the history of Indian Navy from 2001 to 2010 is titledBlue Waters Ahoy
The venue of four-day International Conference on Bears Wildlife SOS in collaboration with Bear Care Group from the US and CanadaAgra
The country which has decided to leave the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) from January 2019Qatar
The place in China where Sino-India joint military exercise Hand-in-Hand will be conducted from 10 to 23 December 2018Chengdu
The team which has won the Admiral's Cup Regatta 2018, the prestigious international military sailing event hosted annually by Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala at Ettikulum Bay from 02 December to 06 December 2018Italy
The new Finance Secretary of Govt of India who has taken over following the retirement of Shri Hasmukh Adhia on 30 Nov 2018Ajay Narayan Jha
The bilateral air exercise by the Indian Air Force and Japanese Air Self Defense Force at Agra Air Force base from 03 to 07 Dec 2018SHINYUU Maitri - 2018
The bilateral air exercise by the Indian Air Force and US Air Force at Kalaikunda and Panagarh Air Force bases in West Bengal from 03 to 14 Dec 2018Cope India-18
The venue of 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change held from 2 to 14 December 2018 Katowice, Poland
The venue of two-day Asia Pacific Summit 2018 held from 01 December 2018 with the theme "Addressing the critical challenges of our time: Interdependence, Mutual Prosperity and Universal ValuesKathmandu, Nepal
The new and 12th Chief of Integrated Defence Staff who took charge on 01 Nov 2018Lt Gen PS Rajeshwar
The new and 58th President of Mexico from 01 December 2018Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador

George Herbert Walker Bush

Born: 12 June 1924

Death: 30 Nov 2018

Political Party: Republican Party

Served as: 41st President of the USA from 1989 to 1993

Preceded by Ronald Reagan and succeeded by Bill Clinton

Important events during his Presidential term: Collapse of USSR (1991), Invasion of Iraq to liberate Kuwait (1990), Unification of Germany (1989)

Launch of GSAT-11

Launched on: 04 Dec 2018

Launched from: Spaceport in French Guiana

Launch vehicle: Ariane 5 VA-246 of Arianespace SA

The 5,854-kg GSAT-11 is India's heaviest communication satellite. It will provide high data rate connectivity to users of Indian mainland and islands through 32 user beams in Ku-band and 8 hub beams in Ka-band. GSAT-11 will boost the broadband connectivity to rural and inaccessible Gram Panchayats in the country coming under the Bharat Net Project, which is part of Digital India Programme.

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Registration of new breeds of livestock

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has approved registration of record 15 new breeds of livestock and poultry this year.

Two cattle breeds - Ladakhi (J&K) and Konkan Kapila (Maharashtra & Goa)

Three buffalo breeds - Luit (Assam & Manipur), Bargur (Tamil Nadu), Chhattisgarhi (Chhattisgarh)

One sheep breed – Panchali (Gujarat)

Six goat breeds – Kahmi (Gujarat), Rohilkhandi (UP), Assam Hill (Assam & Meghalaya), Bidri (Karnataka), Nandidurga (Karnataka), Bhakarwali (J&K)

One pig breed – Ghurrah (UP)

One donkey breed – Halari (Gujarat)

One chicken breed – Uttara (Uttarakhand)

Important Days of December

World AIDS Day: 01 December 2018

Designated by: World Health Organisation

Theme: Know your status

First Observed in: 1988

International Day of Persons with Disabilities: 03 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality

First Observed in: 1992

International Volunteer Day: 05 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Volunteers build resilient communities

First Observed in: 1986

World Soil Day: 05 December 2018

First launched by : International Union of Soil Sciences (2002)

Endorsed by : Food and Agricultural Organisation (Jun 2013)

Accepted by : United Nations General Assembly (Dec 2013)

Theme: Be the solution to soil pollution

International Civil Aviation Day: 07 December 2018

Established by : International Civil Aviation Organisation (1994)

Adopted by : United Nations General Assembly (1996)

Theme (2015-18): Working Together to Ensure No Country is Left Behind

International Anti Corruption Day: 09 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2003

United Nations Human Rights Day: 10 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Stand up 4 human rights

First Observed in: 1948

International Mountains Day: 11 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Mountains Matter

First Observed in: 2003

International Universal Health Coverage Day: 12 December 2018

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Unite for Universal Health Coverage: Now is the Time for Collective Action

First Observed in: 2017

Sahitya Akademi Awards 2018

LanguageTitle and GenreAuthor
AssameseKailoir Dinto Amar Hobo (Poetry)Sananta Tanti
BengaliSrikrishner Sesh Kata Din (Story)Sanjib Chattopadhyay
BodoDwngse Lama (Short Stories)Rituraj Basumaraty
DogriBhagirath (Novel)Inderjeet Kesar
EnglishThe Blind Lady's Descendants (Novel)Anees Salim
GujaratiVibhajanni Vyatha (Essays)Sharifa Vijliwala
HindiPost Box No. 203-Naala Sopara (Novel)Chitra Mudgal
KannadaAnushreni Yajamanike (Literary Criticism)K.G. Nagarajappa
KashmiriAakh (Short Stories)Mushtaq Ahmad Mushtaq
KonkaniChitralipi (Poetry)Paresh Narendra Kamat
MaithiliParineeta (Short Stories)Bina Thakur
MalayalamGurupournami (Poetry)S. Ramesan Nair
ManipuriNgamkheigee Wangmada (Short Stories)Budhichand Heisnamba
MarathiSarjanprerana ani Kavitwashodh (Literary Criticism)Ma. Su. Patil
NepaliKina Royeu Upamaa (Short Stories)Loknath Upadhyay Chapagain
OdiaPrashanga Puruna Bhabana Nua (Literary Criticism)Dasarathi Das
PunjabiKone Da Suraj (Poetry)Mohanjit
RajasthaniKavita Devai Deeth (Poetry)Rajesh Kumar Vyas
SanskritMama Janani (Poetry)Rama Kant Shukla
SantaliMaron (Novel)Shyam Besra 'Jiwi Rarec'
SindhiJia Mein Taandaa (Poetry)Khiman U. Mulani
TamilSanchaaram (Novel)S. Ramakrishnan
TeluguVimarshini (Essay)Kolakaluri Enoch
UrduRohzin (Novel)Rahman Abbas

Changes to National Pension Scheme

The Cabinet approved changes to National Pension Scheme to come into effect from April 1 next year once amendment to the Finance Bill is passed.

  1. Subscribers will get full tax exemption on the 60% of the corpus that an investor is allowed to withdraw on maturity. Currently 20% of the amount is taxable on withdrawal.
  2. For central government employees covered under NPS, the government’s contribution towards the pension scheme has been increased from the existing 10% to 14%. The employee’s contribution remains unchanged at 10%.
  3. Central government employees covered under NPS will get more flexibility in terms of choice of pension fund managers. Also, they will be offered more choice in patterns of investment (debt and combination of equities and debt).
  4. In terms of income-tax benefits, contribution by government employees under Tier-II of NPS will be covered under Section 80C for deduction up to Rs. 1.50 lakh, provided that there is a lock-in period of 3 years.