The study of diseases is called Pathology.
What is a disease?: A disease is a medical condition or disorder that negatively affects the structure or function of an organism. It leads to impaired physiological processes and often has characteristic symptoms.
Causes of Diseases: Diseases can arise due to various factors, including pathogens (e.g., viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites), genetic mutations, environmental factors, lifestyle choices, or a combination of these factors.
|Type of Disease||Examples|
|Congenital diseases||Hare lip, club foot, mongolism, spastic paraplegia|
|Hereditary diseases||Haemophilia, albinism|
|Dietary deficiency diseases||Scurvy, rickets, beri-beri, anaemia|
|Hormonal diseases||Goitre, diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, dwarfism|
|Infectious diseases (VIRAL)||AIDS, chicken pox, common cold, german measles, influenza, jaundice, measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, rabies, dengue fever, lassa fever|
|Infectious diseases (BACTERIAL)||cholera, whooping cough, diptheria, gonorrhoea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tetanus, typhoid, tuberculosis, plague|
|Infectious diseases (FUNGAL)||ringworm, atheletes’ foot, thrush|
|Infectious diseases (PROTOZOAN)||malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, kala-azar|
|Infectious diseases (WORMS)||filaria, tapeworm, pinworm|
|Degenerative diseases||graying of hair, baldness, presbyopia, cataract, osteoarthritis, Parkinson’s disease, arteriosclerosis|
|Immunological diseases||hay fever, asthma, rheumatoid, arthritis, nettle rash|
|Neoplastic diseases||warts, moles, cancer|
Click on all possible answers