Mountains and Hills of India

Important Facts

The study of mountains is called Orology

  • The highest mountain in India is Mt. Kanchenjunga which is about 8,586 meters high. It is the third highest mountain in the world.
  • The highest mountain in India (incl POK) is Mt K2 which is 8,611 meters high. It is the second highest mountain on earth. It is also known as Godwin Austin.
  • The oldest mountain range in India is the Aravallis.
  • The highest peak in the Western Ghats and also South India is Mt. Anamudi in Kerala
  • The highest peak in the Aravallis is Mt. Guru Shikhar, near Mt. Abu in Rajasthan
  • Raisina Hill, the area in New Delhi where Rashtrapati Bhavan is located is an extension of Aravalli Hills.
  • The hill range which geographically divide northern India from the Deccan Plateau is the Vindhyas.
  • The Western Ghats are also known as Sahyadri hills
  • The name of the hill on which the famous Vaishno Devi temple is located is Trikuta.
  • Kamakhya Devi temple is located in the Nilachal hills in Assam.
  • Mansa Devi temple is located on Bilwa Parvat, in the Shivalik Hills in Haridwar, Uttarakhand.
  • Mt Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva of Hindu mythology is located in Tibet
  • Sri Venkateshwara Swamy temple is located on a hill named Venkatdri in Seshachalam hills which are a part of Eastern Ghats.


Hill Ranges of India

Eastern GhatsTamil nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal
Western GhatsTamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra
AravallisGujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana
Cardamom HillsKerala and Tamil Nadu
Anaimalai HillsKerala and Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri HillsTamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Palani HillsTamil Nadu
Satpura RangeGujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
VindhyasGujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Garo HillsMeghalaya
Khasi HillsMeghalaya
Jaintia HillsMeghalaya
Pir PanjalHimachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir
KarakoramLadakh region in Jammu and Kashmir
snow clad mountains

Select the right answer

1. Which is the oldest mountain range in India?

2. Mt. Kanchenjunga is the _____ highest mountain in the world?-

3. What is the study of mountains known as?

4. In which state can the Cardamom hills be found?

5. On which of the following is the famous Kamakhya Hill located?

6. In which state are the Khasi and Garo hills located?

7. Which hill range geographically divides India into north and south?


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