Disorders Related to Blood

Main disorder Specific Brief details
AnaemiaIron-deficiency AnaemiaResults from deficiency of iron usually due to blood loss or poor nutrition.
Vitamin-deficiency AnaemiaResults from low levels of Vitamin B12 or folic acid due to poor nutrition.
Aplastic AnaemiaOccurs when the body stops making enough red blood cells. This may be due to viral infections, exposure to toxic chemicals, drugs, and autoimmune diseases.
Hemolytic AnaemiaOccurs when abnormal breakdown of red blood cells takes place.
Sickle Cell AnaemiaIt is a hereditary blood disorder, in which red blood cells taking a rigid, sickle shape. This decreases the cells' flexibility and may result in life-threatening complications.
Bleeding DisordersHaemophiliaIt is a rare, usually inherited, bleeding disorder characterised by body's inability to control blood clotting or coagulation. It results from a genetic defect in X- chromosome.
von Willebrand DiseaseIt is the most common hereditary coagulation abnormality that results when the blood lacks von Willebrand factor, a protein that helps the blood to clot.

Main disorder Specific Brief details
Blood CancersLeukemiaCharacterised by rapid production of abnormal white blood cells which cannot fight infection and also impair the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets.
LymphomaLymphoma is a type of blood cancer that occurs when lymphocytes, the white blood cells that form a part of the immune system, divide faster than normal cells or live longer than they are supposed to.
MyelomaThis type of cancer targets the plasma cells which produce antibodies, thus weaken the immune system of the body.
OthersThalassemia An inherited blood disorder caused when the body doesn't make enough of a protein called haemoglobin, an important part of red blood cells.