Important Points to Remember on Jainism

The founder of Jainism, Vardhamana Mahavira was born at Vaisali located in Bihar.
His father's name was King Siddhartha and mother was Queen Trishala.
Thirthankara is a saviour who has succeeded in crossing over life’s stream of rebirths and has made a path for others to follow, in short, a path maker. Jainism had 24 thirthankaras.
The first thirthankara was named Rishab who is also regarded as the real founder of Jainism.
Mahavira was the 24th Thirthankara, while Parshava was the 23rd thirthankara.
Jain comes from the word ‘Jina’ which means 'the conqueror'.
Mahavira gave his 1st sermon called Divya Dhwani at Mt Vipul in Rajgriha.
Chandragupta Maurya embraced Jainism before his death.
Shwetamber and Digamber are the two main sects of Jainism. The followers of Shwetamber sect wear white clothes (Shwet for white and amber for clothes) while the followers of Digamber sect do not wear any clothes (Dig for sky and amber for clothes).
First Jain Council was held at Patliputra under the chairmanship of Sthulabhadra in 300 B.C. It resulted in the compilation of 12 Angas replacing the lost 14 Purvas.
Second Jain Council was held at Vallabhi under the chairmainship of Devardhi in 521 A.D. It resulted in the final compilation of 12 Angas and 12 Upangas.

Buddha and Mahavira - A comparison

Place of birth Lumbini Vaisali
Year of birth 567 BC 599 BC
Original name Siddhartha Vardhamana
Teachings contained in Tripitakas 14 Purvas
Father's name Suddhodhana Siddhartha
Wife's name Yasodhara Yasoda
Place of death Kushinagar, Gorakhpur Rajgir, Bihar