Differences between Similar Animals

Leopard and Cheetah

(Panthera pardus)
(Acinonyx jubatus)
Large and muscularTall and slender
Larger headHead is small in relation to its body
Rosette shaped spots covering whole body and faceSingle large spots like thumb prints.
It has white eye-linings at the bottom of the eyesIt has tear lines which run from the eyes down to the sides of the mouth
All the claws are fully retractableExcept the dew claw, none of its claws are retractable
In addition, Cheetah's tail is flat towards its end to help it while running, its nostrils are large in size to allow maximum oxygen in-take for their muscles, while running at high speeds. The non-retractable claws give the Cheetah a firm grip on the ground.

leopard and cheetah

African and Asian elephant

African elephant
(Loxodonta africana)
Asian elephant
(Elephas maximus)
Weight :4000 - 7000 kgWeight: 3000 - 6000 kg
Highest point: ShoulderHighest point: Back
Bigger ears reach upto the neckSmaller ears
Both sexes have tusks with males having biggerFemales have rudimentary or no tusks

African and Asiatic Lion

African Lion
(Panthera leo)
Asiatic Lion
(Panthera leo persica)
Weight :330 - 500 poundsWeight: 350 - 420 pounds
Mane: Thicker maneMane: lesser than African lion, hence ears are visible always
Tail: shorter than Asiatic lionTail: longer tail with longer tail tuft
Almost all African lions lack the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along the belly of Asiatic lions.The most distinguishing feature of Asiatic lion is the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along the belly
Habitat: Sub-saharan AfricaGir forest of Gujarat

Crocodile and Alligator

Long, narrow V shaped snoutsWide U-shaped snouts
Upper and Lower jaws are of same widthUpper jaw is wider than lower jaw
Teeth of both the jaws are exposed in interlocking patternTeeth of only upper jaw are exposed
Crocodile is nearly olive brown in colourAlligator is almost black in colour
Both crocodiles and alligators found around the world. The gharial, which has a much narrower snout than other species in this order is found only in India.

Raven and Crow

Raven is larger about the size of a hawkSmaller about the size of a pigeon
Wedge-shaped tailFan-shaped tail
Call is hoarse and croakingCall is nasal and high pitched
Prefers wild areas for habitatLives closer to human habitats

Tortoise and Turtle

Dwells mostly on landDwells mostly in water
Has dome shaped shellsHas flat, streamlined shells
Short feet with bent legsWebbed feet with long claws
Lifespan is upto 150 yearsLifespan is upto 40 years

Ape and Monkey

Lives at least sometimes on groundLives almost entirely on trees
Does not have tailHas tail
Brain size is largeBrain size is small
Upright posture, humans are entirely bipedalQuadrupedal (walk on four limbs)
Can live upto 60 yearsCan live upto 30 years
Only around 23 species knownHundreds of species known
Examples: Gibbon, Gorilla, Orangutan, Chimpanzee, Bonobo, HumansExamples: Monkey, Langur, Mandrill, Macaque, Baboon, Marmoset, Tamarin etc.


Doves and Pigeons

Both doves and pigeons belong to the same family of birds called Columbidae.

The difference between doves and pigeons lies in their size.

  1. Doves are smaller and some weigh as less as 22 grams while pigeons are large birds may weight upto 4 kg.
  2. Doves have pointed tails while pigeons have rounded tails.

Eagle and Hawk

Eagles are larger in size when compared to hawks, they have longer wingspan and also are more powerful.