Maintenance of Accounts of the GoI

The accounts of Government are kept in three parts

  1. Consolidated Funds of India
  2. Contingency Funds of India
  3. Public Account

Consolidated Fund of India

This is the chief account of the Government of India. The inflow to this fund is by way of taxes like Income Tax, Central Excise, Customs and also non-tax revenues which arise to the government in connection with the conduct of its business. Loans raised by issue of treasury bills are also received in this fund. The government meets all its expenditure including loan repayments from this fund. No amount can be withdrawn from the fund without the authorisation from the Parliament. This fund is formed under the provision of Aricle 266 (1) of the Indian Constitution.

Each state may have its own consolidated fund of the state with similar provisions.

Public Account

The Public Account is constituted under Article 266 (2) of the Constitution. All other public moneys (other than those covered under Consolidated Fund of India) received by or on behalf of the Government of India are credited to the public account of India.

 

The transactions under Debt, Deposits and Advances in this part are those in respect of which Government incurs a liability to repay the money received or has a claim to recover the amounts paid. The receipts under Public Account do not constitute normal receipts of Government. Parliamentary authorization for payments from the Public Account is therefore not required.

Each state may have its own Public Fund on similar lines.

Contingency Fund of India

The Contingency Fund of India is set up in the nature of an imprest account under Article 267 (1) of the Constitution of India. The corpus of this fund is Rs. 500 crores. Advances from the fund are made for the purposes of meeting unforeseen expenditure by the President of India. The amount is resumed to the Fund to the full extent as soon as Parliament authorizes additional expenditure. The Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Department of Economic Affairs holds the fund on behalf of the President of India.

Each state may have its own Contingency Fund on similar lines.

 

The following table summarises the three funds

Fund.IncomeExpenditureParliamentary Authorisation requiredArticle under which constituted
Consolidated FundTaxes and non-tax revenueAll expenditurePrior to expenditure266 (1)
Public FundPublic money other than those under consolidated fundNot required266 (2)
Contingency FundFixed corpus of Rs. 500 croreUnforeseen expenditureAfter the expenditure267 (1)

Revision Questions

1. Expenditure from which of the following funds does not require the prior authorisation of the Parliament?

  1. Consolidated Fund of India
  2. Contingency Fund of India
  3. Public Fund of India
  4. Both (b) and (c)

2. Which of the following funds of the Government of India has a fixed corpus of Rs. 50 crores?

  1. Consolidated Fund of India
  2. Contingency Fund of India
  3. Public Fund of India
  4. Both (b) and (c)

3. Expenditure from which of the following funds does not require any authorisation, either prior or post, of the Parliament?

  1. Consolidated Fund of India
  2. Contingency Fund of India
  3. Public Fund of India
  4. Both (b) and (c)