Scientific Names of Common Plants/Trees

Scientific Names - Fruits and Vegetables

VegetablesFruits
Scientific NameCommon NameScientific NameCommon Name
Allium cepa OnionMangifera indicaMango
Solanum tubersum PotatoPyrus malus Apple
Cucumis sativas CucumberCitrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Lactuca sativa LettuceCitrus Limonium Lemon
Daucas carota CarrotCitrus aurantium Orange
Lycopersican esculentum TomatoMusa paradisicum Banana
Solanum melongena BrinjalPsidium guava Guava
Raphanus sativus RadishAnanus sativus Pineapple
Capsicum fruitscence Capsicum--
Spinacia oleraceaSpinach--

Scientific Names - Cereal, Pulses, Millets

Scientific Name Common Name
Zea mays Maize
Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima Rice
Triticum aestivum Wheat
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Cojonus cgjan Red Gram
Phaseolies auicus Green Gram
Plasoes mungo Black Gram

Common and Scientific Names - Spices

Scientific NameCommon Name
Zingiber officinaleGinger
Allium sativumGarlic
Piper nigrumBlack Pepper
Syzygium aromaticumClove
Curcuma longaTurmeric

Common and Scientific Names - Other Plants and Trees

Scientific NameCommon Name
Azadhirachta indicaNeem
Ficus benghalensisBanyan
Nicotina tobaccumTobacco
Bamboosa aridinarifoliaBamboo
Moringa oleiferaDrumstick
Ocimum sanctumTulsi
Santalum albumSandalwood
Gossypium herbaceumCotton
Epipremnum aureumMoney Plant, Devil's Ivy
Murraya koenigiiCurry plant (leaves)
Mentha arvensisMint (Pudina)
Coriandrum sativumCoriander
Lawsonia inermisHenna (Mehndi)