Facts to Remember on Indian Rivers

*** इस पृष्ठ को हिंदी में पढ़े ***‌

  • The river system of India can be classified into four groups - 1. Himalayan rivers 2. Deccan (Peninsular) rivers 3. Coastal rivers and 4. Rivers of inland water drainage.
  • Himalayan rivers: Ganga, Yamuna, Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum, Brahmaputra are examples of Himalayan rivers.
  • Peninsular rivers: Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi are examples of Peninsular rivers.
  • Coastal rivers: Subarnarekha, Vamsadhara, Nagavali, Vaigai, Netravati and Sharavati are examples of coastal rivers.
  • Rivers of inland water drainage: Luni, Machhu, Banas, Rupen, Saraswati and Ghagghar are examples of rivers with inland water drainage, i.e. they do not empty into the ocean but get lost into the sand.
  • The longest flowing river in India is the Ganges or Ganga followed by Godavari, Yamuna, Krishna and Narmada.
  • The longest river which flows through India is the Indus which originates in Tibet and enters Pakistan before flowing into the Arabian Sea.
  • The Ganges is also known as the Bhagirathi since King Bhagirath was responsible for bringing it from the heavens to the earth. The part of the River Ganga which flows into Bangladesh is known as Padma.
  • Most of the Indian rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal but some like Narmada, Tapti, Netravathi and Periyar flow into the Arabian Sea.
  • Five rivers of erstwhile Punjab are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum and Chenab
  • The river also known as Dakshin Ganga is Godavari
  • The Brahmaputra is known as Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet and as Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh. The Brahmaputra river is known as Jomuna in Bangladesh.
  • The river known as Singi Khamban (Lion's mouth) in Tibet River Indus
  • The river known as Bengal’s sorrow is River Damodar
  • Prayag or Allahabad is believed to be the confluence (sangam) of these rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati
  • The number of Indian rivers which have been classified as major rivers by the Government is Twelve.
  • There are three Trans-Himalayan rivers which originate in the high Tibetan Plateau and cut across the mighty Himalayan ranges. Indus, Brahmaputra, and Sutlej.
  • Some rivers originate in Nepal or in China and flow through Nepal into India - for example Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati.
  • Torsa river rises in the Tibet and flows through Bhutan into India before flowing into Bangladesh.

Self Test


Select the Correct Answer

1. Which of the following is a river of inland water drainage?

2. Which river flows into the Arabian Sea?

3. Which of the following is a Trans-Himalayan river?

4. Which of the following is NOT one of the five rivers of erstwhile Punjab?

5. Which of the following is a coastal river?

6. Which river flows into India from Bhutan?

7. Which of the following is the longest?

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See also....

Quiz on Rivers


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