Both sonic boom and thunder are loud sounds caused by shock waves generated due to different phenomenon.
Thunder is the sound produced by the rapid expansion and contraction of air surrounding a lightning bolt. Lightning bolt heats the surrounding air to extremely high temperatures which causes the air to expand rapidly, creating a shock wave that propagates through the atmosphere and is audible as thunder.
Sonic boom is a loud noise produced when an object, such as an aircraft, travels through the air faster than the speed of sound (supersonic speed). As an aircraft exceeds the speed of sound, it pushes aside the air molecules in its path which creates a shock wave audible to the listener as sonic boom.
Bass: Bass refers to the lower-pitched sounds in the audio spectrum. It encompasses the lower frequency range, typically ranging from around 20 Hz to 250 Hz. Instruments like the bass guitar, kick drum, and double bass produce prominent bass frequencies.
Treble: Treble, also known as high frequencies, refers to the higher-pitched sounds in the audio spectrum. It encompasses the higher frequency range, typically ranging from around 2 kHz to 20 kHz. Instruments like cymbals, piccolo, and female vocals produce prominent treble frequencies.
|Light Waves||Sound Waves|
|Light waves do not require a medium to travel.||Sound waves require a medium to travel.|
|The speed of light waves is 3 x 108 metres per second||Sound waves travel at a speed of 332 m/sec|
|Light waves are electromagnetic waves.||Sound waves are mechanical waves.|
|Variation in frequency of wave gives different colours.||Variation in frequency of sound waves gives sound with different pitch.|
|Light waves can travel very long distances||Sound waves cannot travel long distances as their energy is dissipated easily.|