Languages of India

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Miscellaneous Information on Languages in India

The number of languages recognised by the Indian Constitution is 22
As per Article 343(1) of the Indian Constitution, the official language of India isHindi in Devanagari script
At the inception of Indian constitution in 1950, the number of recognised languages was14
The languages which were added to the Eighth Schedule are Sindhi, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Maithili, Dogri, Bodo and Santhali.
Number of identifiable mother tongues as per Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation report of 2011234
The first language to be conferred the status of a Classical Language Tamil
Other languages which have been conferred the status of a Classical Language Sanskrit, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu and Odia
The official language of Nagaland is English
The official language of Jammu and Kashmir Urdu
The official language of GoaKonkani
The official language of the Supreme Court and High Court as prescribed by the Constitution of India isEnglish
The principal languages of Lakshdweep are Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha) and Mahal
Foreign language commonly spoken in Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) is French
The two States which have Sanskrit as one of their official languagesUttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
The Indian language known as the 'Italian of the East' is Telugu
The principal languages of the Andaman & Nicobar islands are Hindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu.
English is not in the list of recognised languages

Institutions for promotion of Languages in India

Central Institute of Hindi (Kendriya Hindi Sansthan)Agra, U.P.
Central Institute of Indian LanguagesMysore, Karnataka
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi VishwavidyalayaWardha, Maharashtra
English and Foreign Languages UniversityHyderabad, A.P.
Rashtriya Sanskrit SansthanNew Delhi
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit VidyapeethNew Delhi
Rashtriya Sanskrit VidyapeethTirupathi
Maulana Azad National Urdu UniversityHyderabad
Central Institute of Classical TamilChennai
Centre of Excellence for Studies in Classical TeluguNellore

Lead the Competition

Quiz on Languages

1. Which was the first language to be conferred the status of a classical language?

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Places of Interest Section

Museums in IndiaGardens of IndiaWorld Heritage Sites in IndiaArchaeological SitesTemples of IndiaForts and Palaces of IndiaMosques and Tombs in IndiaZoos, Jails and Libraries in IndiaCaves, Gates and Towers of IndiaBridges, Statues and Stupas of India