Ancient Temples and Associated Dynasties

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Temple & Location Associated Dynasty
Khajuraho Temple
Chattarpur, M.P.
Bundelas or Chandelas
Kailash temples
Ellora, Maharashtra
Thousand Pillared Temple
Warangal, Telangana
Ramappa Temple
Warangal, Telangana
Brihadeswara Temple
Tanjavur, Tamilnadu
Kailashnath temple
Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu
Shore temple
Mammalapuram, Tamilnadu
Dilwara temple
Mt Abu, Rajasthan
Hazara temple
Hampi, Karnataka
Virupaksha temple
Pattadakal, Karnataka
Sun temple
Modhera, Gujarat
Sun temple
Konark, Odisha
Eastern Ganga dynasty

Why Kings built Temples

Ancient Indian kings built temples for a variety of reasons, some of which are dealt with below:

  1. Religious devotion: Ancient kings were deeply religious and they sought to express their piety and gain divine favor by building grand temples dedicated to deities they revered. It was seen as a way to accumulate spiritual merit (punya) and earn blessings and also ensure a prosperous afterlife.
  2. Legitimacy and political authority: By building magnificent temples, they showcased their power and wealth, establishing themselves as patrons and protectors of the divine. These acts of devotion and patronage helped them gain the support and loyalty of their subjects, as well as the respect of neighboring rulers.
  3. Symbol of prosperity and stability: The construction of grand temples was seen as a testament to the king's wealth and ability to support artistic and architectural endeavors. It also attracted scholars, artists, and artisans, fostering a vibrant cultural and intellectual atmosphere in the kingdom.
  4. Social and economic impact: They served as centers for religious and social gatherings, providing a platform for community interaction and fostering a sense of unity among people. Additionally, temple complexes often included accommodation, food, and other facilities for pilgrims, contributing to local economies and providing employment opportunities.

Match Temple with the Dynasty

1. Thousand Pillar Temple

2. Shore Temple, Tamil Nadu

3. Kailash Temple, Ellora

4. Brihadeswara Temple, Tanjavur

5. Dilwara Temple, Mt Abu

6. Khajuraho Temples

7. Sun Temple, Modhera

8. Ramappa Temple, Warangal