Important Information on Plants

The study of plants is known as Botany.
The study of fossil plants and plant evolution is known as Paleobotany
Largest, tallest etc.
Largest flower Rafflesia
Smallest flowering plant Wolffia
Largest tree-grown fruit Jackfruit
Tallest grass Bamboo
Tallest tree Coast Redwood
Largest seed Lodoicea maldivica (Sea coconut)
Largest herb Banana plant
Fastest growing plant Bamboo
Parts of Plants
The part of the plant through which the plants respire Leaf
The small pores through which plants respire and also eliminate water are known as Stomata
The part of the flower which receives pollen grains during pollination Stigma
The pigment found in plants which make them appear green Chlorophyll
Plant processes
The process by which plants manufacture food Photosysthesis
The process by which roots absorb water and minerals from the soil Osmosis
The process by which plants lose water especially through leaves (but also stem, flowers etc.) is known as Transpiration
The phenomenon by which plants' growth is directed towards light is known as Phototropism
The phenomenon by which plants grow or respond to touch is known as Thigmotropism


Types of plants

Name Type Examples
Epiphyte A plant that grows upon another plant. mosses, liverworts, lichens, algae
Hydrophyte A plant adapted for growth in water or wet soil. Lotus, lily, sea weeds
Thallophyte A plant that has simple body without root, stem or leaves. spirogyra
Xerophyte A plant adapted to live in dry places cactus
Halophyte A plant which can tolerate high concentration of salt in the soil mangrove trees, rice grass (Spartina)