Rare Disorders and Conditions

Parkinson's DiseaseIt is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that impairs motor skills, cognitive processes, and other functions.
Alzheimer's DiseaseIt is form of dementia characterised by loss of memory, thinking, and changes in behavior.
Down's SyndromeAlso called Trisomy 21, it is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.
Korsakoff's SyndromeIt is a neurological disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the brain.
BulimiaIt is an eating disorder characterized by restraining of food intake for a period of time followed by an over intake or binging period that results in feelings of guilt and low self-esteem.
AnorexiaIt is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an obsessive fear of gaining weight, often coupled with a distorted self image
ProgeriaIt is an extremely rare genetic condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age.
DyslexiaIt is a developmental reading disorder resulting from the inability to process graphic symbols.

Hormone related Diseases

Diseases Brief details
Graves DiseaseNamed after Robert Graves, the doctor who first described it, is an autoimmune thyroid disease where the thyroid gland is stimulated by autoantibodies which make it overactive, resulting in increased thyroid hormone production.
Addison's DiseaseAddison's disease is caused by damage to the adrenal glands which make hormones to control the body’s response to stress and balance body salt and water.
Diabetes MellitusIt is common condition in which the body is unable to produce enough of hormone insulin resulting in high levels of sugar in bloodstream.
AcromegalyIt is a condition caused by the overproduction of growth hormone. It leads to an increase in size of the hands and feet, thickening of the skin and a change in the appearance of the face.
Cushing's SyndromeCaused due to excess production of hormone Cortisol or by taking excess steroid medication to treat conditions like asthma, eczema etc.



Select the right answer

1. Which of the following is also known as Trisomy 21?

2. Which of the following is an eating disorder?

3. Which of the following is caused due to excess production of hormone cortisol?

4. Which of the following is a reading disorder?

5. Grave's disease is associated with the overactivity of which gland?

6. In which disorder, symptoms of ageing appear at an early age?

7. Which of the following is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin B1?