Deserts of the World

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Desert: Definition and Types

Desert: A place which receives less than 25 cm of rain in an year is classified as a desert. Deserts may be of different types.

  • Polar regions receive very less rainfall due to low temperatures and hence such regions are known as Polar Deserts.
  • Sub-tropical Deserts are formed due to circulation patterns of air masses which causes low rainfall in certain areas.
  • Rain shadow deserts are formed on areas beyond the mountains in the path of clouds i.e. in the shadow of the mountains.
  • In the Interior deserts, moist air fails to reach them and they receive very less rainfall.


Deserts and Countries

Name of the DesertExtends into countries
Sahara DesertAlgeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia
Atacama DesertChile, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Kalahari Desert Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
Arabian Desert Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen
Gobi Desert Mongolia, China
Great Victoria Desert Australia
Patagonian Desert Argentina, Chile
Thar Desert India, Pakistan
Takla Makan Desert China
Syrian Desert Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Iraq
Chihuahuan Desert Mexico, United States
Great Basin Desert United States
Mojave Desert United States
Karakum Desert Turkmenistan
Registan Desert Afghanistan

cactus and desert

Facts about Deserts

  • About 1/3rd of Earth's land surface is covered by deserts.
  • The largest desert is Antarctica.
  • The largest hot desert is the Sahara Desert.
  • Atacama desert is the driest desert in the world.
  • Europe is the only continent which does not have any major deserts.

camel and desert

Quiz on Deserts of the World

Select the right answer

1. Which of the following is considered the driest desert in the world?

2. Which desert would you find in Mongolia?

3. In which country would find the Patagonian desert?

4. To be classified as a desert, the place must receive ____ or less of rainfall.

5. In which country would you find the Takla Makan desert?

6. What fraction of the earth is covered by deserts?

7. Which desert spans the USA and Mexico?

8. In which country would you find the Great Victoria Desert?