Common and Alternative Names of Diseases

Common NameAlternative Name
LeprosyHansen's disease
Heart AttackMyocardial infarction
Blood CancerLeukemia
Whooping CoughPertussis
Night blindnessNyctalopia
Rabbit feverTularemia
Lazy eyeAmblyopia
Chicken poxVaricella
PlagueBlack death
German measlesRubella
Athlete's FootTinea Pedis
Kala Azar, Black Fever, Dumdum FeverVisceral leishmaniasis
Sleeping SicknessHuman African trypanosomiasis

Why is Leprosy also known as Hansen's Disease?

Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease to honor the Norwegian physician Gerhard Armauer Hansen, who discovered that a bacterium was responsible for causing the disease. In 1873, Hansen, while working as a young physician at the St. George's Hospital in Bergen, Norway, observed rod-shaped bacteria under a microscope in skin tissue samples taken from leprosy patients. He named the bacterium "Mycobacterium leprae" in honor of its association with the condition.

Why is Rabies also known as Hydrophobia?

Rabies is also known as hydrophobia due to one of its characteristic symptoms. Hydrophobia refers to an intense fear of water or the inability to drink water, and it is a prominent feature of the disease in its later stages.

Why is Tetanus also known as Lockjaw?

Tetanus is known as lockjaw because one of its main symptoms is severe muscle spasms and stiffness in the jaw muscles, leading to the inability to open the mouth or swallow. This condition is called lockjaw due to the jaw muscles becoming tight and "locked" in position.

Select the right answer

1. By which name is Pertussis commonly known?

2. Amblyopia is the other name for which condition?

3. If a man has a myocardial infarction, he has -

4. Which disease was commonly known as Black Death?

5. Alopecia is more commonly known as -

6. A man suffering from Lockjaw is to be treated for which disease?

7. Which of the following is the common name for Myopia?

8. Which disease is also known as Hansen's disease?