The Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas visited Indonesia in April 2011, to study the country's Zero Kero programme.
Under the Zero Kero Programme, Indonesia is providing an LPG kit comprising a 3 kg cylinder, a cooking stove and a pressure regulator to kerosene customers. Kerosene supply to such customers is stopped thereafter. The Government of Indonesia has thus converted 48 million kerosene users to LPG in the last three years. This saves a large amount in kerosene subsidy besides providing efficient fuel and cooking environment to the women-folk.
It may be mentioned that in India, about 40% of kerosene is diverted to black market and does not reach the intended customers. The Government has taken several steps to curtail such practices like
- Fitting of GPS on kerosene tankers to track their movement. This was done under Jan Kerosene Pariyojana began in 2005 but the cost of the project was more than the cost of kerosene saved and hence it was withdrawn in 2008.
- Secondly, dyeing of kerosene has been resorted to by the Government since 1980s. However, a dye to neutralise the blue colouring material was soon developed and diversion continued. Later steps of procuring imported dye also did not make any marked difference.
- In Karnataka, a coupon system was introduced under which the customers were issued kerosene coupons in advance and they could collect kerosene any time in the month from the dealer. The dealer would then be given kerosene for the next month equivalent to the coupons collected in the previous month and would thus lose on the quantity of kerosene diverted. But soon, due to lobbying from kerosene dealers and interested parties the scheme was also dropped.