Delhi Sultanatte and Mughal Rule

Muslim Rulers and their original names.

Better known asOriginal name
Babur Zaheeruddin Mohammed
Humayun Naseeruddin Mohammed
Akbar Jalaluddin Mohammed
Jahangir Nooruddin Salim
Shahjahan Shahbuddin Muhammed Khurram
Aurangzeb Muhiuddin Mohammed
Mumtaj Begum Anjumand Banu
Noor Jahan Meher-un-nisa
Ghiasuddin Tughlak Ghazi Malik
Mohd. Bin Tughlak Jauna Khan
Sikandar Lodhi Nizam shah
Sher Shah Suri Farid Khan


Muslim Rulers and their special achievements.

Name of the RulerAssociated with
Firoz Shah Tughlak Built the biggest network of canals in India.
Sher Shar Suri Construction of the GT road, Introduction of the first rupee, Re-organisation of the postal system.
Akbar Introduction of Mansabdari System, Founder of religion Din-e-illahi
Mohd. Bin Tughlak Transfer of capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, Introduction of copper coins as token currency.
Balban Policy of blood and iron against rebels, traitors and robbers.
Allauddin Khilji First Muslim ruler to conquer the Deccan, Introduction of price control system.


Nine Gems (Navratna) of Akbar's Court

NamePoints to remember
Abul Fazl He was the chronicler of Akbar's rule. He authored Akbar's biography - Akbarnama. Abul Fazl documented the history meticulously over a period of seven years.
Faizi Faizi translated the Panchatantra, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata into Persian.
Todar Mal Todar Mal was the revenue minister of Sher Shah Suri who continued in the position in the court of Akbar. He introduced standard weights and measurements, revenue districts and officers.
Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khanan Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khanan was the son of Akbar’s general Bairam Khan, the person who looked after him after the death of Humayun. Rahim is known for his couplets or Dohe.
Tansen Tansen (original name Ramtanu Pandey) was a great musician who is credited with innovation of Raagas such as Mian ki Malhar, Mian ki Todi and Darbari Kanada.
Raja Man Singh Raja Man Singh, a trusted lieutenant of Akbar was the grandson of Akbar’s father-in-law. Raja Man Singh assisted Akbar in many fronts including holding off advancing Hakim (Akbar’s half-brother) in Lahore. He also led campaigns in Orissa.
Faqir Aziao Din He was mystic and advisor whose advice Akbar regarded respectfully.
Mullah Do Piaza He was also an advisor in the court of Akbar known for his intelligence.
Birbal His original name was Maheshdas. He was a well known court jester.

The nine gems in the court of Vikramaditya were - Dhanvantari, Kshapanka, Amarasimha, Sanku, Vetalabhatta, Ghatakharpara, Varahamihira, Vararuchi and Kalidasa